Glossary A - L

The Web

More Information will be included as new pages are added

508

Section 508 requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from a Federal agency, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on the agency


A List Apart

A very influenical web design and standards websit. Founded by Jeffrey Zeldman

America Online AOL

Multinational Mass Media Corporation
Online Software that allows customers to access the Internet
In 2000 it merged with Times Warner to become: Times Warner AO, but became a separate company again in 2009.


ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ARPANET was one of the first packet switching networks and the first network to implement TCP/IP.It was the precursor to the Internet
ARPANET (1969) was a large network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research Project  Agency (ARPA).The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, followed shortly thereafter by the University of Utah.


Andreessen, Marc

Leader of the team that created the browser Mosaic.
Partner with Jim Clark in Netscape Communications


Berners-Lee, Tim

Inventor of the World Wide Web
Director of W3C, The World Wide Web Consortium


Bos, Bert

Bert Bos along wit Håkon Wium Lie, developed CSS1 which became a W3C Recommendation  in 1996.


Çelik, Tantek

first implemented the innovative Doctype Switching while working on Internet Explorer 5 for Mac.
He also created the first known reset for html and CSS


CERN

Conseil Européen pour la Recherche NucléairEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research, "physicists and engineers are probing the fundamental structure of the universe. They use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles... Founded in 1954, the CERN laboratory sits astride the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva." CERN  

Clark, Jim

Founder of Silicon Graphics
Partner with Marc Andressen in Netscape Communications

 

Commerce and the Internet

Final restrictions on commerce were lifted in April, 1995

Chrome

Chrome is a browser by Google it was first released in 2008

CSS
Cascading Style Sheets
The main purpose of CSS is to separate the styles from the structure of the page. This separation can improve content accessibilty and provides more control. In addition:
Css allows multiply pages to share the same styles.
Css allows for different types of styles (Media Types) and rendering methods.
Css allows for different styles (Media Queries) depending upon the size or the device on which the page is viewed.

DOCTYPE

The DOCTYPE tells the web browser which version of HTML the page is written in. It needs to be placed at the top of the web page before any code

.

Doctype Switching

The Doctype tells the browser which specification to use when rendering the HTML without it the browser will use Quirks Mode.

DOM

The DOM, document object model is a specification for html, xhtml and xml documents on how objects are represented. The DOM allows the interactivity of a scripting language such as javaScript.

ECMAScript

ECMAScript is the scripting language that forms the basis of JavaScript.

javascript

JavaScript is a scripting language designed primarily for adding interactivity to Web pages.

JAWS


Job Access With Speech

JAW is a screen reader that allows blind and visually impaired users to read the screen either with a text-to-speech output or by a Refreshable Braille display.

Lie, Håkon W

Håkon Lie, web pioneer and standards activist
He proposed the very first Cascading Style Sheet. Which he published in 1994.

Internet Explorer. IE

Web Browser owned by Microsoft. Started in 1995 and for a number of years was the leading browser in terms of users.

Lerdorf, Rasmus

Created PHP. It was originally called "Personal Home Page Tools (PHP Tools)". php is a server side scripting language which is designed for the web.